AB015. The expression and function of coiled-coil domain-containing protein 34 in human bladder carcinoma
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AB015. The expression and function of coiled-coil domain-containing protein 34 in human bladder carcinoma

Yanqing Gong1,2,3, Xuesong Li1,2,3, Jie Jin1,2,3, Liqun Zhou1,2,3, Yinglu Guo1,2,3

1Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China; 2Institute of Urology, Peking University, Beijing 100034, China; 3National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing 100034, China

Background: Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although localized bladder carcinomas could be managed by surgical resection, the recurrence and progression rates are still high. The therapeutic outcomes for patients with advanced bladder carcinoma who receive radiotherapy or chemotherapy remain unsatisfactory. The absence of more effective therapies for bladder carcinoma requires more research into the underlying molecular mechanisms of its tumorigenesis and the development of new treatment aimed at specific molecular targets. The coiled-coil domain is a structural motif found in proteins that are involved in a diverse array of biological functions such as the regulation of gene expression, cell division, membrane fusion and drug extrusion and delivery. The abnormal expression of the coiled-coil domain containing proteins in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, has a direct link with the phenotype of tumor cell migration, invasion and metastasis. Coiled-coil domain-containing protein 34 (CCDC34) is a protein-coding and disease related gene, while its biological and clinical significances remain largely unknown. Here, we first reported the oncogenic roles of CCDC34, and investigated its biological functions in bladder carcinogenesis.

Methods: Immunohistochemical staining, western blot and quantitative RT-PCR were used to detect CCDC34 expression in bladder cancers specimens and cell lines. Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference strategy was used to assess the effects of CCDC34 expression on various malignant phenotypes. The biological functions of CCDC34 knockdown on cells (T24 and 5637) were investigated by examining cell proliferation using a high content screening assay (HCS), BrdU incorporation assay and colony formation assay, cell migration by in vitro wound healing assay, cell invasion by Transwell invasion assay, as well as cell cycle distribution and apoptosis by flow cytometry. The expressions of c-Raf and c-Jun as well as the phosphorylation of MEK, ERK1/2, JNK, P38 and AKT were also measured using Western blot. We further investigated the effect of therapeutic siRNA targeting CCDC34 on T24 xenograft tumor growth in nude mice.

Results: CCDC34 was up-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues and cell lines. CCDC34 was distributed mainly in the cytoplasm, and its expression was not correlated with gender, histological type and tumor grade, but was closely correlated with pathologic stage (n=87, P=0.002). Besides, Western blot confirmed that CCDC34 was expressed at higher level in human bladder cancer tissues compared with their paraneoplastic normal bladder tissues (n=18, P=0.012). Knockdown of CCDC34 significantly suppressed bladder cancer cells proliferation, migration and invasion (P<0.01), and induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and increased apoptosis in vitro (P<0.01). Moreover, CCDC34 knockdown decreased phosphorylation of MEK, ERK1/2, JNK, p38 and AKT, and the expressions of c-Raf, c-Jun and Bcl-2. In addition, intratumor delivery of therapeutic siRNA targeting CCDC34 elicited delayed tumor growth of T24 xenograft in nude mice.

Conclusions: Our findings revealed for the first time a potential oncogenic role for CCDC34 in bladder carcinoma pathogenesis, and the MAPK and AKT signaling pathways might be involved in CCDC34 modulation of bladder cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. CCDC34 may serve as a biomarker or even a therapeutic target for bladder cancer.

Keywords: Coiled-coil domain-containing protein (CCDC); bladder carcinoma; therapeutic target

doi: 10.21037/tau.2016.s015

Cite this abstract as: Gong Y, Li X, Jin J, Zhou L, Guo Y. The expression and function of coiled-coil domain-containing protein 34 in human bladder carcinoma. Transl Androl Urol 2016;5(Suppl 1):AB015. doi: 10.21037/tau.2016.s015

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