Gaps in male infertility health services research
The field of male infertility remains a niche specialty within Urology. Although a male factor is implicated in at least 50% of all cases of infertility, and male infertility is thought to be associated with overall male health and longevity, this subspecialty comprises a relatively small proportion of Urologic training. There remains a large knowledge gap with regards to prevalence of male factor infertility, as well as the need for health services for the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. Health services research is a multidisciplinary approach that combines both qualitative and quantitative methodologies to improve patient care and outcomes pertaining to male infertility. This review summarizes the current literature pertaining to health services for male infertility and identifies opportunities for future research to improve access to and outcomes of male infertility care, including improvements in costs of care, patient education, and health policy.