Article Abstract

Electroejaculation combined with assisted reproductive technology in psychogenic anejaculation patients refractory to penile vibratory stimulation

Authors: Xianghu Meng, Longchang Fan, Tao Wang, Shaogang Wang, Zengjun Wang, Jihong Liu

Abstract

Background: Psychogenic anejaculation (PAE) is a rare disease in clinic seriously affecting quality of life, especially fertility of patients. However, there is not an effective treatment for these patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of treatment with electroejaculation (EEJ), intrauterine insemination (IUI), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patients with PAE who were refractory to penile vibratory stimulation (PVS).
Methods: Twenty PVS-refractory patients with PAE were included in the retrospective study. Semen was retrieved through EEJ procedures. According to the semen quality and patient preference, IUI or ICSI was selected.
Results: A total of 23 procedures of EEJ were performed in 20 patients. Sperm was successfully retrieved in all of the cases. Yielded semen was used in a total of 16 ICSI procedures in 6 couples. The fertilization rate was 54.0%. The ICSI cycles resulted in three pregnancies; of these one resulted in a live birth. Fourteen couples were treated with 26 IUI cycles, which resulted in live births in five pregnancies.
Conclusions: EEJ offers an encouraging pregnancy opportunity for men with PAE who were refractory to PVS. The combined use of EEJ and assisted reproductive techniques is excellent management for PAE infertility. In our study, EEJ resulted in pregnancies and the birth of six healthy children.