A history of penile implants
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has long been described by physicians and patients, with treatments for ED proposed starting in the 8th century BC. In the last 50 years, however, there have been many advances in medical and surgical management of ED, notably the introduction of the inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) in 1973 and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) in 1998. Here we review the evolution of the IPP from 1973 through the current day. The 3-piece device was first described in 1973 by Dr. F. Brantley Scott, who helped found American Medical Systems (AMS) to market and sell the device. In 1983, Mentor (now Coloplast) started marketing a competing device. AMS and Mentor have made multiple modifications to the device over the years, which have increased rigidity, durability and patient satisfaction, and have decreased surgical variability, post-operative infection and spontaneous inflation. Today, the IPP is a safe and effective option for many men who have failed medical therapies, with high satisfaction from both patients and partners.