The efficacy of resiniferatoxin in prevention of catheter related bladder discomfort in patients after TURP - A pilot, randomized, open study

Ning Zhang, Peng Zhang, Xiaodong Zhang, Yong Yang


Background: Resiniferatoxin (RTX) has been shown to have variable efficacy in the treatment of intractable lower urinary tract symptoms and symptoms associated with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. It has also been used successfully in treating overactive bladder (OAB). In order to evaluate the potential and efficiency of RTX in treatment of catheter related bladder discomfort (CRBD) over post-operative period of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), we conducted the current pilot, randomized open study.
Methods: The study was comprised of 48 patients undergoing TURP in a single institute from September 2007 to September 2008. Patients were randomly divided into Group-RTX and Group-control. CRBD was classified into 4 degrees: degree 0, 1, 2, and 3. Patients with the most severed CRBD (degree-3) were treated with tolterodine.
Results: There were no statistical difference of patients' age, prostate volume, IPSS score, storage score and void score in IPSS, and QOL score between the two study groups(P=0.213, 0.356, 0.471, 0.554, 0.055 and 0.380, respectively). RTX pre-treatment reduced incidence of CRBD. 25% of the patients in RTX group had CRBD, at 6 hours/1 day and 3 days after TURP, significantly lower than the control group in which 75% of the patients during the same period (P=0.001). During the three days post-operative period, RTX also reduced severity of CRBD, compared with the control group. No patient in Group RTX sufferred CRBD of degree 3, a clear contrast to the control group in which 7 patients had degree 3 CRBD, during three days post-operative. Finally, less patients in RTX group required tolterodine, compared with control, P=0.009. Interestingly, the difference of CRBD incidence between Group RTX (50%) and control (75%) diminished 5 days after TURP, P=0.135.
Conclusions: Pretreatment with intravesical resiniferatoxin significantly reduces the incidence and severity of catheter related bladder discomfort in patients after TURP.