In 2022, TAU reviewers continue to make outstanding contributions to the peer review process. They demonstrated professional effort and enthusiasm in their reviews and provided comments that genuinely help the authors to enhance their work.
Hereby, we would like to highlight some of our outstanding reviewers, with a brief interview of their thoughts and insights as a reviewer. Allow us to express our heartfelt gratitude for their tremendous effort and valuable contributions to the scientific process.
Xiaoming Zhou, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, USA
Dr. Xiaoming Zhou received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Florida and currently is a research associate professor of medicine at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences at USA. Dr. Zhou’s laboratory has recently focused on systemic inflammation-induced multi-organ injury with emphasis on acute kidney injury. Specifically, his research team is trying to understand how mitochondrial dysfunction, innate and adaptive immunity contribute to the pathogenesis of tourniquet- and sepsis-induced multi-organ injury and mitigate the injury especially under the austere condition with limited resources.
There are no roadmaps toward next scientific discoveries, thus pool of scientific minds is the best way to navigate journeys with minimal U-turns to reach the goals of novel discoveries. According to Dr. Zhou, publications facilitate understanding how we have reached this stage of a particular topic and contemplating next move. Therefore, peer review plays an indispensable role in controlling the quality of publications and making sure each step we have taken is a right step to move forward.
Authors have submersed into a research topic for years before they reach the stage of writing a manuscript. Many times they feel that the design and execution of the study and presentation of the study result make a perfect sense. However, a fresh eye may easily pick up some shortcomings and flaws. Therefore, Dr. Zhou thinks that a reviewer should have an investigative and skeptic mind, when he/she reviews a manuscript. Other important things to consider are the clarity and readability of the manuscript.
Speaking of the use of reporting guidelines like TRIPOD and CONSORT for research standard, Dr. Zhou is fully in favor of that. The ultimate goal of science is to discover truth. The truth can be measured by reproducibility of a discovery. Unfortunately, not every discovery reported in publications has been reproduced by other laboratories, sometimes even own laboratories. This is due to in part the complexity of biology and medicine, but also due to man-made factors. Following these reporting guidelines will help improve transparency of how a research has been conducted and reproducibility of a discovery.
“As a researcher, I want to keep up with the latest development of my field. Reviewing a manuscript is one of ways to keep myself in the front. We also should be good citizens in the scientific communities and help control and improve the quality of publications and science by donating our time as reviewers,” says Dr. Zhou.