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Prone percutaneous nephrolithotomy: its advantages and our technique for puncture

	author = {Diego M. Carrion and José Ramón Cansino and Luis M. Quintana and Juan Gómez Rivas and Juan Antonio Mainez Rodriguez and José Ramón Pérez-Carral and Luis Martínez-Piñeiro},
	title = {Prone percutaneous nephrolithotomy: its advantages and our technique for puncture},
	journal = {Translational Andrology and Urology},
	volume = {7},
	number = {6},
	year = {2018},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is considered the treatment of choice for large urinary calculi and staghorn lithiasis. The approach for this surgery may be either supine or prone, and different access techniques are described in the literature with the use of ultrasound, fluoroscopy, or both combined. We believe that prone PCNL offers to the urologist key advantages, such as the possibility of puncturing anatomically abnormal urinary tracts, to perform multiple percutaneous tracts in the same kidney, experiencing the vacuum cleaner effect, ease of exploring the upper calyx through the inferior calyx, possibility to perform endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) and bilateral simultaneous surgery, and to performed over local anesthesia. An adequate training for the endourologist should include both the prone and supine techniques for PCNL and to know which patient can benefit the most from each one.},
	issn = {2223-4691},	url = {}