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Detection of lymph node metastases in penile cancer

	author = {Jonathan B. Bloom and Michael Stern and Neel H. Patel and Michael Zhang and John L. Phillips},
	title = {Detection of lymph node metastases in penile cancer},
	journal = {Translational Andrology and Urology},
	volume = {7},
	number = {5},
	year = {2018},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Penile cancer (PC) is a relatively rare malignancy in the United States (US) but a greater concern in developing nations. Lymph node imaging remains critical to the staging and treatment of this disease as metastases develop in a predictable, anatomic fashion. Early surgical intervention remains a mainstay in treatment and imaging often aids in decision making. This review highlights the indications for imaging in both low-stage and advanced disease. Furthermore, we discuss the benefits and limitations of currently available imaging for staging of inguinal and pelvic lymph nodes in PC and novel modalities in development.},
	issn = {2223-4691},	url = {}