Successful pregnancy and delivery achieved following intracytoplasmic sperm injection using teratozoospermic sperm exhibiting marked dysplasia of the fibrous sheath: a case report
A husband and his wife, both 34 years old, consulted our clinic because of primary infertility. Sperm analysis revealed that the sperm concentration, motility, and progressive motility were (42.8±22.8)×106/mL, 23.3%±12.2%, and 12.9%±6.1%, respectively. Based on Krugar strict morphology criteria, 100% of the sperm were teratozoospermic, with 7.9% DNA fragmentation index. Observation of the sperm under a transmission electron microscope revealed that most parts of the fibrous sheath (FS) surrounding the tails of the sperm were missing from midway through the principal piece to the end piece, although the sperm’s heads, necks and midpieces were morphologically normal. To collect oocytes, the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist protocol was carried out, and 7 oocytes were retrieved. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was performed for all the teratozoospermic sperm. Of the 7 oocytes, 3 were fertilized, and one 8-cell embryo and 2 expanded blastocysts were vitrified. Although repeated transfers of expanded blastocysts resulted in no implantation, one 8-cell embryo transfer in a hormone replacement therapy cycle led to pregnancy. The pregnancy using an 8-cell vitrified embryo resulted in the delivery of a healthy female baby at 38 weeks of gestation. No congenital malformations were found until 28 days after birth. Our results demonstrated that healthy birth could be achieved following the transfer of an embryo derived from ICSI using teratozoospermic sperm exhibiting the dysplasia of the fibrous sheath (DFS). Furthermore, while the previous reports on DFS have not investigated male infertility, we evaluated sperms from various aspects such as Kruger sperm function test, chromatin dispersion test, electron microscopy findings, time-lapse images of the obtained embryos, and concluded that ICSI could be desirable as a treatment policy for DFS.