Peyronie’s disease: is it genetic or not?

J. Scott Gabrielsen

Abstract

Peyronie’s disease (PD) is a devastating disease that affects up to 13% of adult men. While trauma to the erect penis is common prior to onset, it is clear that trauma alone is not sufficient to cause PD. Over the past 40 years, multiple lines of evidence have pointed to a genetic factor that predisposes some men to develop PD. Despite dramatic technological advances in the field of genetics, we have made little progress in identifying the genetic contributors to the disease. This review will critically evaluate the literature concerning the genetics of PD published to date. Particular focus will be placed on study design as much of the data are contradictory yet may still give some insight into the etiology of PD. The challenges in identifying the genetic underpinnings of PD will be discussed along with the potential mechanisms that can overcome these challenges.