Article Abstract

What are roles of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging prior to transurethral resection of bladder tumor?

Authors: Fumitaka Koga


Accurate tumor staging, particularly diagnosing the presence of muscle invasion, is crucial for the management of non-metastatic bladder cancer (BC) patients; those without muscle invasion are generally managed conservatively with transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURB) and intravesical instillation therapy while those with muscle-invasive BC (MIBC) need more intensive therapy such as radical cystectomy plus urinary diversion or definitive chemoradiation.