Erectile dysfunction in renal failure and transplant patients
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a prevalent and pertinent condition in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. It has a multifactorial etiology, including disruptions of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, the endothelial paracrine signaling system, calcium and vitamin D homeostasis, along with several other factors. Efficacy of treatment of ED in the CKD population is comparable to non-CKD patients across multiple modalities, including PDE5 inhibitors, vacuum erectile devices, intracavernosal injections and penile prostheses. Renal transplant improves the contributing comorbid conditions that lead to ED in CKD patients; thus rates of ED are improved post-transplant. It is important to note that there is a small percentage of patients with persistent ED after renal transplantation.