AB093. The effect of different strategies of vessel management on vasovasostomy
Printed Abstract

AB093. The effect of different strategies of vessel management on vasovasostomy

Ruzhu Lan1, Jiayuan Zhang1, Qian Qi1, Huiping Zhang2, Chengliang Xiong2, Tao Wang1, Jihong Liu1, Shaogang Wang1, Zhangqun Ye1

1Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030 China; 2Institute of Family Planning, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China


Background: To study the effect of different strategies of vessel management on vasovasostomy.

Methods: Fifty 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into groups A, B, C, D and E. In group A all the vessels were preserved. In group B all vessels were ligated and cut. In group C only arteries were preserved. In all the groups above end to end anastomosis were performed and contralateral testis was removed. In group D only veins were preserved. Group E is the control group with vas deferens intact. All rats’ testicles were measured the size before operations. After 4 weeks, the rats were raised with female rats with 1:1 in the same cage for 2 weeks and the number of pregnant rats were recorded. Then rats were sacrificed, dissected and testicles and vas deferens were collected and detect the patency.

Results: The patency rate was 90%, 80%, 90%, 80%, 100% and conception rate was 30%, 30%, 20%, 30%, 80% in groups A, B, C, D and E respectively. Preoperative testicular volume was 1.88667±0.11912, 1.176293±0.06971, 1.91651±0.1163, 1.82947±0.12312, 1.80818±0.149 cm3 in groups A, B, C, D and E respectively and 6 weeks postoperative testicular volume was 1.21519±0.19, 1.20181±0.17, 1.27018±0.29, 1.23696±0.21, 1.78842±0.12 cm3. Rate of testicular atrophy was 70%, 50%, 50%, 70%, 0% and rate of postoperative adhesion was 60%, 50%, 50%, 60%, 0% in groups A, B, C, D and E respectively. There was no significant difference in patency rate, conception rate, testicular atrophy and adhesion among the groups (P>0.05) while statistically significant to the control group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed postoperative adhesion increased the risk testicular atrophy. (OR =60.000000, P<0.05), while testicular atrophy was negatively correlated with pregnancy rate (OR =0.048128, P<0.05).

Conclusions: Devascularization does not affect the surgical outcomes of vasovasostomy (VV). Postoperative adhesion can increase the risk of testicular atrophy after vasovasostomy, then consequently affects the rate of pregnancy. Reduction in postoperative adhesion may play a role in vasovasostomy outcomes.

Keywords: Vasovasostomy (VV); Vas deferens blood vessels; Testicular atrophy; pregnancy rate; animal experiments


doi: 10.21037/tau.2018.AB093


Cite this article as: Lan R, Zhang J, Qi Q, Zhang H, Xiong C, Wang T, Liu J, Wang S, Ye Z. The effect of different strategies of vessel management on vasovasostomy. Transl Androl Urol 2018;7(Suppl 5):AB093. doi: 10.21037/tau.2018.AB093