From PROMIS to PRO-MRI in primary prostate cancer diagnosis

Ivo G. Schoots, Monique J. Roobol


In the emerging field of MRI in prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis, it has become clear that targeted biopsy with MRI guidance has additional value over systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies (TRUS-Bx) alone. The targeted biopsy approach driven by a positive MRI increases the diagnostic yield of high-grade [Gleason score (GS) ≥3+4] or clinically significant (cs) PCa, while concomitantly reducing the number of biopsy cores and the detection of low-grade PCa (GS 3+3) (1-3).