PS 11. Stem Cell Therapy for Stress Urinary Incontinence
Plenary Session

PS 11. Stem Cell Therapy for Stress Urinary Incontinence

Ching-Shwun Lin

Knuppe Molecular Urology Laboratory, Department of Urology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is mainly due to urethral sphincter deficiency; therefore, preclinical and clinical studies have investigated whether transplantation of patient's own skeletal muscle-derived cells (SkMDCs) can restore the sphincter musculature. The specific cell types of SkMDCs have been described as myoblasts, satellite cells, muscle progenitor cells, or muscle-derived stem cells, and thus varied from study to study. In more recent years, other stem cell (SC) types have also been tested, including those from the bone marrow, umbilical cord blood, and adipose tissue. These studies were mostly preclinical and utilized rat SUI models that were established predominantly by pudendal or sciatic nerve injury. Less frequently used animal models were sphincter injury and vaginal distension. While transurethral injection of SCs was employed almost exclusively in clinical trials, periurethral injection was used in all preclinical trials. Intravenous injection was also used in one preclinical study. Functional assessment of therapeutic efficacy in preclinical studies has relied almost exclusively on leak point pressure measurement. Histological assessment examined the sphincter muscle content, existence of transplanted SCs, and possible differentiation of these SCs. While all of these studies reported favorable functional and histological outcomes, there are questions about the validity of the animal model and claims of multilineage differentiation. In any event, SC transplantation appears to be a promising treatment for SUI.

DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2223-4683.2012.s214

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