AB230. Calpain inhibition improves diabetic erectile dysfunction in rats
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AB230. Calpain inhibition improves diabetic erectile dysfunction in rats

Hao Li, Tao Wang, Jihong Liu

Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

Objective: Diabetic erectile dysfunction is an intractable disease which results from both vascular and nervous dysfunction in penis. Calpain mediates the vascular dysfunction during hyperglycemia and is involved in some neurodegenerative diseases. This study was designed to investigate the role of calpain inhibition in improving diabetic erectile dysfunction in rats.

Methods: Type 1 diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin at the dose of 60 mg/kg in rats. After 2 months, diabetic erectile dysfunction was confirmed by apomorphine test. Then the animals were divided into three groups: (I) nondiabetic control groups, (II) diabetic rats + vehicle and (III) diabetic rats + MDL28170. Two weeks later the erectile function was measured by electrical stimulation of the cavernous nerve and the ratio between intracavernosal pressure (ICP) and mean systemic arterial blood pressure (MAP) at the peak of erectile response was calculated. After that penis tissue was harvested. Calpain activity in corpus cavernosum was measured by western blot. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were observed by immunohistochemistry and western blot. The endothelial content in the cavernosum was measured by immunohistochemistry.

Results: The calpain activity was increased in diabetic rats and inhibited by MDL28170. The erectile function was improved by MDL28170 treatment. The expression of nNOS and eNOS, as well as the content of endothelium in corpus cavernosum were also increased by inhibition of calpain.

Conclusions: Calpain activation may play a role in the erectile dysfunction of diabetic rats. Inhibition of calpain could improve diabetic erectile dysfunction by increasing expression of nNOS and eNOS in the corpus cavernosum. This could be a novel therapeutic target to protect the erectile function in diabetic patient.

Keywords: Erectile dysfunction; diabetes; calpain

doi: 10.21037/tau.2016.s230

Cite this abstract as: Li H, Wang T, Liu J. Calpain inhibition improves diabetic erectile dysfunction in rats. Transl Androl Urol 2016;5(Suppl 1):AB230. doi: 10.21037/tau.2016.s230

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